Buckinghamshiredating com severe dating anxiety
The various models of 'down the line' (etc.) exchange developed in the 1970s (Clough and Cummins 1979) are now regarded as having taken insufficient cognisance of the social value of these objects, as well as any utilitarian value.
A particular instance of this is the Alpine axeheads of semi-precious jadeitite and other Alpine rocks.
This project has focused not only on the (non-destructive) sourcing of the raw material, but also on axehead shape, on the chronology of different types of Alpine axehead, on the biography of individual axeheads, on contexts of deposition, and on the social and ideological significance of these very special axeheads across the whole of Europe (Pétrequin 2011; 2012).
The sourcing of flint axeheads has been more problematic, although morphology has offered clues, with the hoard of 'mint condition' flint axeheads (and other flint objects) from Auchenhoan, near Campbeltown, pointing strongly towards Co.
Dating evidence is sparse, but a Middle to Late Neolithic date is suggested by the radiocarbon dates (Edmonds 1992) and by the fact that it had been used to make cushion maceheads.
Overall, the information already available indicates that axeheads from various sources were being exchanged around Scotland, some from a very early stage during the Neolithic (e.g.
at Carzield, Dumfries and Galloway: Sheridan Whittle, A and Cummings, V (eds) 2007 Going over: the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in NW Europe.
British Academy: London, 441-92."2007) – when the establishment of networks of contacts between farming communities was an important way of maintaining community sustainability.
The result of all the provenancing studies is that it is clear that a considerable number of axeheads found in Scotland come from preferred sources – the term 'axe factory' is avoided since it has overtones of modern industrial production.
Of these, the best-represented in Scotland is Great Langdale in Cumbria, whose tuff (named 'Group VI' in the IPC scheme) had been extracted and exchanged in the form of axeheads from the very beginning of the Neolithic (Edmonds 2011).